The Insufficiency of the Theory of Evolution Part 2: Universal Morality
In Part 1 of this series, we discussed how the theory of Evolution does not provide a meaningful explanation for our existence – starting with the most obvious point; origin. If anything exists, there must have been a cause or a creator by necessity.
But not only does Evolution fail to explain our origin, it also fails to give us an explanation of why our existence is the way it is. This is very clearly demonstrated in the morality of human beings.
If evolution is true, and life is basically a cosmic accident, then there is no ultimate authority over what is right and wrong. Morality then, by necessity, must be just some formulation of the human mind over time. But given Evolution; what is right or wrong isn’t actually objectively ‘right’ and ‘wrong’. There is no logical foundation in this worldview to account for these things. There is only what is more beneficial to our species, or what has survival value. For someone who accepts Evolution, normative terms like this are arbitrary and meaningless. Let’s see why.
Christians have a logical, Biblically mandated foundation for right and wrong – God’s law, which as we see in Genesis 1:26 and Romans 1:21 is imprinted upon the nature of human beings. We are all made in God’s image, and therefore we have an understanding of His character, and subsequently, what is right and wrong – even though we often willingly disobey the law.
For the Humanist or Evolutionist, morality is a subjective, ever-changing thing. An essential clarification: I am not suggesting that people who accept Evolution are immoral. Often times, Evolutionists are very moral and respectable people. But that only further builds the case against the theory itself. Evolutionists are moral – but they don’t have rationale to be so! If they were to accept that a given action is always objectively wrong – they then step outside the boundaries of their worldview and, by necessity, borrow the Christian worldview to make sense of their own.
At best, when an Evolutionist considers the atrocities of the Holocaust, their worldview could only produce something like this: “According to evolutionary forces, these actions were not beneficial for the flourishing of the human race.” (this would then beg the question – within your worldview, why should the human race flourish or be protected? Within the evolutionary worldview, we just are. Normative statements about whether we should flourish or die off have no logical grounding – but this is venturing into a different topic)
To say that these actions were evil, or that Hitler should be called to justice, or be punished for what he did has no rationality in the secular, evolutionary worldview. The Bible tells us that God is a Judge (Psalm 9:7), and since he has given a revealed Law in the scriptures – Christians understand that murder is a terrible sin.
A possible objection to these things would be something along these lines: “What you are saying is completely ridiculous! You can’t say we have no reason to be moral – it is plain to see that we are! That is sufficient rationale. Don’t just make up a God so we can make sense of these things.”
This objection (founded in a principle called ‘empiricism’) demonstrates my point. The question isn’t whether we are moral – the Bible clearly indicates that every human being has some understanding of God’s divine nature. The question is, if Evolution is true, why is it present? When one watches the news and sees terrible stories of murder, poverty, and injustice – why do our hearts cry out for justice? These are just evolutionary forces in process. The supposedly weaker, unlucky ones are just following the course of nature – why is that anything to get upset about? It is because we all see the inherent value of human life that God has instilled in us. I hate seeing people commit evil towards others – because under God we are all equal. No one should be the one to judge when someone is to die. We ought to care for one another because this was directly commanded by Jesus.
Therefore – our morality isn’t contingent upon our belief in God, but it is contingent upon the existence of God. In other words, it doesn’t matter whether you believe in Him or not, the only way we can make sense of morality and justice is that He has created it in accordance to His own character.
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